usa | world | animals | vocabulary | health | science | math | history


  albatross dove
  blue jay duck
  canary eagle
  cardinal emu
  cassowary falcon
  chicken finch
  condor flamingo
  crane goose
  crow hawk
  cuckoo hummingbird
dodo ibis

      
  kingfisher ostrich
kiwi owl
kookaburra parakeet
lark parrot
lovebird peacock
macaw pelican
mockingbird penguin
nightingale pheasant
osprey pigeon

      
  quail swan
rhea swift
roadrunner toucan
robin turkey
seagull vulture
starling woodpecker
stork wren

 

 


The Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) is a small passerine bird. It is a migratory insectivorous species breeding in forest in Europe and Asia. The distribution is more southerly than the very closely related Thrush. It nests low in dense bushes. It winters in southern Africa.


 


Just the Facts: The Nightingale is similar in size to the European Robin, at 15-16.5 cm length. It is plain brown above except for the red-sided tail with red side patches. It is buff to white below. Sexes are similar. Eastern races have paler upperparts and a stronger face-pattern, including a pale supercilium.



GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 Range and Migration: It is a migratory insectivorous species breeding in forest and scrub in Europe and south-west Asia. The distribution is more southerly than the very closely related Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia. It nests low in dense bushes. It winters in southern Africa.

Sing Sweet Nightengale:
The male Nightingale is known for his singing, to the extent that human singers are sometimes admiringly referred to as nightingales; the birdsong is loud, with an impressive range of whistles, trills and gurgles. Although it also sings during the day, the nightingale is unusual in singing late in the evening; its song is particularly noticeable at that time because few other birds are singing. This is why its name (in several languages) includes "night".

City Song: Recent research has shown that the birds sing even more loudly in
urban or near-urban environments, in order to overcome the background noise.
The most characteristic feature of the song is a loud whistling crescendo. It has
a frog-like alarm call.


Classification Confusion: The Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It, and similar small European species, are often called chats.

Trivia:
The Nightingale is the national bird of Iran.

In popular traditions, the Nightingale announces the coming of spring, and is a symbol of love.

The French traditional song The Nightingale Which Flies inspired Tchaikovsky when composing his Humoresque opus 10-2.

 

 

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

   
 

 Kingdom: Animalia

 Phylum: Chordata

 Class: Aves

 Order: Passeriformes

 Family: Muscicapidae

 Genus: Luscinia

 Species: Megarhynchos