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The Cardinals or Cardinalidae are a family of passerine birds living in North and South America.


These are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinctly different plumages; the family is named for the red colour (like that of a Catholic cardinal's vestments) of males of the type species, the Northern Cardinal.

The "buntings" in this family are sometimes generically known as "tropical buntings" (though not all live in
the tropics) or "North American buntings" (though there are other buntings in North America) to distinguish them from the true buntings. Likewise the grosbeaks in this family are sometimes called "cardinal-grosbeaks" to distinguish them from other grosbeaks. The
name "cardinal-grosbeak" can also apply to this family as a whole.



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 Phylum: Chordata

 Class: Aves

 Order: Passeriformes

 Family: Cardinalidae