Map Courtesy CIA World Factbook
The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and also including the southern Kurdistan. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north-west, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. It has a very narrow section of coastline at Umm Qasr on the Persian Gulf. A new transitional government was elected in January 2005, following the March 2003 invasion led by American and British forces which drove the former leader Saddam Hussein and his Ba'ath Party from power. However, the legality of the invasion has been disputed by the United Nations Secretary General and politicians in both the USA and the UK (as reported by BBC news, CNN, The New York Times, The Economist).