The Mexican state of Oaxaca is in the south west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Oaxaca borders the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the north west, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east. To the south Oaxaca fronts the Pacific Ocean.
Oaxaca has an area of 95,364 km²; it is the fifth largest state in the Republic. In 2003 it had an estimated population of 3,597,700 people.
The state is located in the mountains and valleys of the Sierra Madre del Sur range.
Oaxaca is the historic home of the Zapotec and Mixtec peoples. Mexico's most famous leader, President Benito Juárez, came from the Oaxacan village of San Pablo Guelatao.
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